Traceability Data Management
ISO 22005 defines traceability as the ability to track the movement of food through certain stages of production, processing and distribution. Furthermore, ISO 22005 defines the traceability system as a set of procedures and tools used to track the movement of products or goods across the supply chain.
In the food industry, traceability systems help track food products from the farm or production facility to the final consumer, including information about the origin, processing, packaging, and distribution of the products.
Traceability in healthcare refers to the ability to track medical devices, drugs, and other healthcare products from the point of origin to the point of use.
A traceability system involves the use of Product Identification Records that contain information about the unique identifiers or codes used to track products or materials through the supply chain. They include information such as the product name, lot/batch number, and expiration date. And a range of tools & technologies, such as Barcodes, RFID, and Blockchain. The technology used for traceability depends on what are the specific requirements of the organization and industry type.
The data collected by a traceability system can be used to identify and address problems that may arise in the supply chain, such as product recalls. It can also be used to improve efficiency, reduce waste, and enhance transparency and accountability in the supply chain.
The Most Common Types Of Traceability
Tracks the movement of products or materials through the supply chain from the point of origin to the point of consumption. It involves recording information about products' origin, processing, packaging, and distribution as they move through the supply chain.
Tracks the movement of products or materials from the point of consumption to the point of origin. It involves recording information about the end-users or consumers of products and the distribution channels used to reach them.
Focuses on the movement of products or materials within a single organization or facility. It involves recording information about the production processes, quality control measures, and inventory management practices used within the organization.
Focuses on the movement of products or materials across different organizations or facilities within a supply chain. It involves recording information about the suppliers, distributors, and retailers involved in the supply chain.